Romania: no social-democrats in power, no success for China

Victor Ponta and Li Keqiang in Bucharest
Victor Ponta and Li Keqiang in Bucharest (source:

The close relations with China were established during Romania’s communist period (1945 – 1989). As would be expected from an ideological point of view, the successor of the Romanian Communist Party, namely today’s Social Democratic Party, has been more sensible to the connection with the great Asian power than the politicians in Bucharest with other ideological orientations.

Iliescu & Năstase

The first wave of Chinese business came over the young Romanian capitalism in the ’90, when Romania was led by Ion Iliescu, a former member of the Romanian Communist Party led by Nicolae Ceaușescu until his execution, in December 1989.

During the Prime Minister mandate of the social democrat Adrian Năstase, he also benefited personally of the commercial advantages offered by China: a criminal file on Năstase’s name mentions that he bought impressive quantities of goods from China, with money without any legal justification, including a life-size ceramic horse.

However, the next Prime Minister imposed by PSD, Victor Ponta, was the most active in promoting Chinese economic interests: he promised he would cede reactors 3 and 4 of the nuclear power plant in Cernavodă to Chinese state company, he concluded a memorandum through which Huawei would have participated in strategic public projects in the field of communications, and he generally promised he would fully open Romania’s economy to opportunities coming from Beijing.

Ponta in China

Visiting Beijing in 2013, at the invitation of his Chinese counterpart, Li Keqiang, Ponta requested the conclusion of a strategic partnership with China: “We proposed, during our meetings with the president and the prime minister, elevating the relationship between Romania and China to the highest level Romania has, namely that of Strategic partnership. There are a few countries we have strategic partnership with, and we would like – next year we will celebrate 65 years of diplomatic relations – to have a strategic partnership with China.

Such a strategic partnership includes several fields, from political collaboration, to, obviously, economic collaboration, which is of great importance, but also in the fields of culture, education and others. (…) The president and the prime minister said they greatly appreciate this proposal, that they have a very good opinion on it, and that, obviously, we will enter the analyse procedure, a standard diplomatic procedure necessary for its completion”.

This proposal caused uproar both in Bucharest and in western chancelleries, as Romania had a strategic partnership with the USA and was a NATO member.

Dăncilă’s advisers

Another social-democrat prime minister who stimulated Romanian-Chinese economic relations was Viorica Dăncilă (2018 – 2019). Considered the puppet of the former PSD leader Liviu Dragnea, without any real political power, Dăncilă was advised and controlled by councillors very close to China. According to the media in Bucharest, one of them, Florea Voinea, had met the current Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang when they were both members of the Communist Youth (of Romania and China, respectively).

In an interview with Radio România Internațional, the Chinese department, Voinea expressed his full admiration for China: “If you go and visit Shenzhen, with Huawei and ZTE, and see what they’ve done there… their nuclear power plant, how many groups operate there… They’ve built new cities, you wouldn’t believe there are such constructions on Earth (…) I am puzzled as to why we haven’t continued our collaboration with China, why we don’t collaborate with them and carry out projects with them.

I confess that Zhang Gaoli said, 4-5 years ago, that for them it wouldn’t be a problem to support Romania’s development, that they can offer us loans even without government guarantees and that we can pay with anything. I confess I really can’t begin to comprehend how you could have such an offer and fail to capitalize it”.

NATO, the game changer

However, the relevant events occurring internationally in the second half of 2019 blocked the momentum gained by strategic Chinese business in Romania. After a meeting in Washington in August 2019, between Romanian president, Klaus Iohannis, and the American president, Donald Trump, the White House published a joint statement showing that the two countries “seek to avoid the security risks that accompany Chinese investment in 5G telecommunications networks”. Following the agreement concluded in Washington, a memorandum hindering the access of Huawei in the construction of the 5G network in Romania was signed.

In December 2019, after a NATO summit in London, the final statement included a fragment highlighting an ambivalent relationship between the Alliance and China: “We recognise that China’s growing influence and international policies present both opportunities and challenges that we need to address together as an Alliance”.

In November 2019, Ludovic Orban, president of the National Liberal Party, the same party that supported Klaus Iohannis in winning his second mandate as president, became Prime Minister. For Nicolae Vasilescu, President of the Romania-China Chamber of Commerce and Industry, these political moves were a disaster. “All strategic investments with China were stopped by the PNL government”, declared Vasilescu, for the project “The Chinese belt around the Black Sea”, referring to reactors 3 and 4 in Cernavoda, the Comarnic – Brașov highway and the auction for the 5G network.

More propaganda, less money

President of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Romania, Mihai Daraban, seems to confirm that, without the realization of these mammoth investments, Chinese influence on the Romanian economy is diminished. “I keep seeing, in the public space, a multitude of Chinese delegations coming to Romania. Every colleague of mine, from every county, has received tens if not hundreds of Chinese delegates over the years, but unfortunately, although we would have great expectations from them, China is under the one hundred million euros mark of direct investment in Romania.

It is true, in the media they are very active, very present. Even our officials are sometimes travelling more frequently in China than in the United States, but this is reality, China has less than one hundred million (euros directly invested in Romania)”, said Daraban in October 2019.

According to the revenues gained in the fiscal year 2018, the most important Chinese companies in Romania are: COFCO (3.9 billion lei – 900 million euros), Pirelli Tyres Romania (2.6 billion lei – 578 million euros), Huawei (1.9 billion lei – 420 million euros), Smithfield and the companies it owns (1.5 billion lei – 333 million euros), Eurosport DHS and the companies it owns (440 million lei – 100 million euros), NBHX Rolem (375 million lei – 83 million euros), COSCO (210 million lei – 47 million euros) and Honest General Trade (202 million lei – 45 million euros).

Urmărește-ne pe Google News

_______________________________ este un proiect jurnalistic fără apartenență politică, ideologică sau comercială. nu se finanțează cu fonduri ale statului român și nici cu sume provenite de la partidele politice. poate fi sprijinit prin donații pentru susținerea jurnalismului independent: 


Donează prin PayPalpaypal icon
Donează suma dorită pentru susținerea proiectului

Donează prin Transfer Bancar


Deschis la BRD

Donează prin Patreon

Asociația „Doar fapte, CIF 45500057.

1 Comentariu

Lasă un răspuns

Adresa ta de email nu va fi publicată.

Ultima oră

11:26Reformarea României, abandonată: guvernul a îndeplinit 14% obiectivele PNRR. Ciolacu: „Unde e problema, unde e catastrofa?”
10:50GALERIE FOTO Pentru prima oară, bombardierele B-52 Stratofortress, care pot transporta arme nucleare, au aterizat în România
07:47EXCLUSIV Prime de 10.000 de lei la Asociația Internațională a Polițiștilor România, cu orice ocazie posibilă. Dosar penal pentru nedeclararea sumelor, polițiștii se toarnă între ei
22:4791 de milioane de probleme pentru democrați, după retragerea lui Biden: ce se întâmplă cu banii deja strânși pentru campanie, cine va candida pentru Casa Albă
22:26Coșmarul RetuRO continuă: traseu de groază prin caniculă după ce un prim aparat a fost găsit defect iar al doilea nu a mai dat vouchere și nici nu a recunoscut un recipient din patru
21:29Biden s-a retras din cursa prezidențială pentru un al doilea mandat. A început cursa pentru nominalizarea unui nou candidat democrat pentru Casa Albă
18:22VIDEO Lasconi face spectacol la oficierea unei căsătorii: strigă mirilor „Pup-o!” și-l felicită pe soț pentru că a spus „Da” hotărât
17:11Nici o despăgubire pentru pasagerii afectați de pana informatică a Microsoft, a decis autoritatea aeronautică din Marea Britanie
13:20Șoșoacă, afurisită și comparată cu Ana Pauker de călugării de la Petru Vodă: icoanele trebuie venerate, nu manipulate necuviincios
12:33Diplomat român aflat la Moscova, acuzat de Japonia că face jocurile Rusiei: Liliana Burda, a treia ierarhic în Ambasada României, a vizitat Kurilele, revendicate de Tokyo
07:29Dianei Șoșoacă nu-i poate fi retras mandatul de europarlamentar din cauza comportamentului din plen. Doar statul român o poate scoate din PE, dar pentru alte motive
16:55Ambasada României la Londra şi Consulatul General din Manchester nu au fost notificate cu privire la cetăţeni români arestaţi ca urmare a revoltelor din Leeds
15:25Reguli ca în secolul al XIX-lea la examenul de admitere la UMF: candidații nu au voie cu device-uri de nici un fel și nici măcar cu propriile pixuri
15:15Nu doar viteza mare ucide: la doar 37 km/h, a fost zdrobit pe bancheta din spate după răsturnarea mașinii. Daune morale de 190.000 de euro, a stabilit instanța
14:24Zeci de cazuri pe zi pe județ la care ambulanțele au intervenit din cauza efectelor caniculei. Bătrânii, cei mai expuși efectelor căldurii extreme